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The Structure Of The Eye And Its Cosmological Function In Empedocles. Reconstruction Of Fragment 84 D.-K

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Chapter Summary

This chapter begins with a partial translation of Fragment 84 of Empedocles, leaving the three lines with which this discussion is particularly concerned (ll. 7?9) in Greek, as they appear in Diels (1922). On the reading of line 7 all the manuscripts are virtually unanimous. The chapter indicates in the apparatus the variants offered in line 8. It deals in due course with the text and the location of line 9. It briefly discusses the reconstruction of fragment 84 D.-K. An advantage of this reconstruction is that it makes for a better understanding of the passage in Aristotle?s De generatione animalium (V 1, 779b 15?20), confirmed by Theophrastus, in which Empedocles is said to be the source of the doctrine that different proportions of fire and water in the eyes account for different capacities for day- or night-time vision.

Keywords: Aristotle; Empedocles; Fragment 84



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