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Consolidating Principles on the Protectionof Children in Internal Armed Conflicts: the Case of the Massacre of Mapiripán and the Case of the Massacres of Ituango vs. Colombia

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Chapter Summary

Both the case of the massacre of Mapiripán and the case of the massacres of Ituango arose from internal armed conflict of Colombia. Whereas the massacre of Mapiripán concerned atrocities committed where at least 49 civilians were savaged and their remains thrown into the Guaviare river, the massacres of Ituango concerned a paramilitary armed incursion into the Department of Antioquía with their operative forces, selectively killing 19 people and terrorising the population by taking its livestock, setting most houses on fire, and causing massive displacement. The approach taken by the Court in both cases to the notion of victim and its careful assessment of facts of the case, provided justice to all the identified children victimized in different ways by the said acts. Both judgments of Inter-American Court in the Massacre of Mapiripán and in the Ituango Massacres established important facts in relation to the institution of "paramilitaries" in Colombia.

Keywords: Colombia; Department of Antioquía; Inter-American Court; internal armed conflict; paramilitaries; protection of children; the case of the massacre of Mapiripán; the case of the massacres of Ituango



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