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Equality between Men and Women

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Chapter Summary

Equality between men and women has to be seen within the context of general non-discrimination clauses. The principle of non-discrimination includes equality between men and women. This chapter examines the special circumstances for regulating equality between men and women. The assessment is based on the principle 'equal but different', recognizing the differences between men and women. It highlights the importance of seeing equality between the sexes as a structural, institutional, and cultural issue, rather than a 'women's problem'. The International Labour Organization (ILO) has set various standards to bolster equality between men and women. These relate to equal pay, maternity protection, and workers with family responsibilities. Some States have established specialized Ombudsinstitutions to focus on gender equality. For example, Sweden, Norway and Lithuania have established the gender equality Ombudsinstitutions to consider the issues of equality between men and women.

Keywords:gender equality; International Labour Organization (ILO); non-discrimination



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