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Chapter Summary

Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), protects the right to life, "save in the execution of a sentence of a court following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by law". Accordingly, Article 2 of the ECHR does not prohibit the death penalty. The adoption of international instruments aiming at abolition reflects a growing consensus against the use of the death penalty. Many European States have adopted legislation preventing the extradition or return of persons to States where they would face the death penalty. At the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE, 29 June 1990, the participating States agreed to exchange information on the question of the abolition of the death penalty and keep that question under consideration, as well as to make available to the public information regarding the use of the death penalty.

Keywords:death penalty; European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)



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