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The Beginning Of The Lutheran Reformation: Justification As Participation In Christ

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Chapter Summary

The first Reformers typically understood salvation as the communion of the sinner and Christ. This is apparent not only in the texts of Luther, but also in the theology of other prominent first-generation reformers such as Johannes Bugenhagen and Johannes Brenz. This chapter briefly notes Luther's central ideas on justification as they are represented his Commentary on Galatians, and analyzes some of Luther's disputations. In the Promotion disputation of Hieronymus Weller and Nikolaus Medler Luther sets the scholastic faith and the receiving faith which makes Christ effective in us against each other. The relation of donum and renovatio was particularly problematic for students of Luther, even for Melanchthon. The unio cum Christo theme serves the purposes of pastoral counseling and certainty of salvation. Luther, Bugenhagen, and Brenz held a similar view of justification.

Keywords: Commentary on Galatians; donum; forensic justification; Johannes Brenz; Johannes Bugenhagen; Lutheran reformation; Melanchthon; renovatio; unio cum Christo



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