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Synesius Of Cyrene And The Christian Neoplatonism: Patterns Of Religious And Cultural Symbiosis

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Chapter Summary

The three main philosophical and theological objections, as they were posed in Letter 105, were traditionally considered as an evidence of Synesius' affiliations to pagan Neoplatonism as well as an act of non-acceptance of the main doctrines of Christianity. With his first objection, Synesius entered into the dispute concerning the origin and the fate of souls in their descent from and ascent to God. The Neoplatonic philosophers have always defended such a thesis energetically, rejecting the Christian notion of a single and unique act of God's Will. It is impossible, however, to summarize the main aspects of religious, philosophical and cultural symbiosis without the poetic inheritance of Synesius. Synesius received a rich education at the school of Hypatia in Alexandria, which included the then fashionable Neoplatonism.

Keywords: Alexandria; Christianity; cultural symbiosis; Hypatia; Neoplatonism; pagan; Synesius

10.1163/ej.9789004165458.i-259.43
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