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Herod And Rome: Was Romanisation A Goal Of The Building Policy Of Herod?

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Chapter Summary

King Herod is famous for his buildings, which considerably contributed to an architectural Hellenisation and Romanisation of his kingdom. It has long been recognised that many of King Herods buildings were directly related to Augustus and to Rome. This can be seen on two levels: Many of King Herods buildings and building enterprises are directly connected with emperor or imortant men of Rome; second, a more subtle relationship of Herods buildings to Rome can be found. This chapter discusses three case studies on Roman building materials, mosaics and architectural influences and it argues that the monuments cannot be interpreted in such a programmatic way. The chapter discusses the question of how the dependency of Herod on Rome relates to Hellenisation, and especially Romanisation in Herods kingdom. It comments on building policy of Herod in relation to Rome and Augustus. First it focuses on buildings that are directly related to Rome.

Keywords: architectural influences; Augustus; building policy; Hellenisation; King Herod; Roman building material; Romanisation



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