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The Coins Of Herod The Great In The Context Of The Augustan Empire

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Chapter Summary

Two of Herods bronze coin series are thought to relate to historical milestones in Herods relationship to Augustus. This chapter concentrates on Herods large diadem/table type, minted in Jerusalem, and his year-three coins, thought by many to have been minted in Samaria. Most of Herods coinage was struck for purely economic reasons, to make fractional currency available both for Herods standing army and for the labourers employed in his extensive building activities. The chapter considers another functionperhaps new for Judeafor the minting of the coins of Herod, as celebratory handouts, in the spirit of Roman institutions of congiaria and donativa. Herods year-three coins may also have been minted for a congiarium. If they dated, as is generally accepted, to around 37 BCE, they celebrated Herods conquest of Jerusalem. The chapter focuses on what intersections one may find between Herods coins and events relating to Augustus, or Augustan policy and iconography.

Keywords: Augustan Empire; building activities; congiaria; congiarium; donativa; Herods coins; iconography; Jerusalem; year-three coins



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