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Architecture And Infrastructure In The Early Medieval Village: The Case Of Tuscany

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the design and architectural structures of Early Medieval rural settlements in Tuscany, covering the period between the 7th and 10th century. It considers hut types, granaries and store-buildings, along with enclosures, roads, courtyards and artisanal structures. The chapter discusses the construction of palisades, ditches and stone fortifications. It presents a social interpretation of village development. The origin of village settlement seems to be in the reaction of rural populations to the failure of centralised leadership in Late Antiquity, through the formation of communities, of an egalitarian nature, to cope with changed circumstances. The increasing structural complexity of the settlement is connected to the emergence of a resident elite. The most obvious aspect of the formation of the Early Medieval village is the total predominance of perishable building materials, along with the rare use of stone.

Keywords: architectural structures; artisanal structures; building materials; Early Medieval village; Late Antiquity; palisades; Tuscany



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