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Zen Religious Practice

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Chapter Summary

Rituals in Buddhism and Buddhist studies have a paradoxical status. Considerations on the multivocal levels of theoretical concepts are reflected in the multivocal and ambiguous terms and meanings of Japanese Buddhism and the Myōshinji sect. Zen Buddhism is a tradition containing all sorts of ideas and practices since many different kinds of people with different interests use and understand the living world of the religion. Contrary to most other Japanese Buddhist sects, there is no clearly defined principal image of the Zen sects. Distinguishing between religious and nonreligious concepts is naturally problematic, even more so when "cultural values" are used as religious ideals. Like the concept of religion, "belief " is so much part of Christian terminology and ideology that applying it to other contexts can be rather problematic. This chapter discusses the institutional frames, structure, and strategy of religious education, training, and cultivation for both clergy and laity.

Keywords: Christian terminology; clergy; Japanese Buddhism; laity; Myōshinji sect; religious education; Zen Buddhism



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