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Before Aristotle Became Aristotle: Pseudo-Aristotelian Aphorisms In Ādāb Al-Falāsifa

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Chapter Summary

Ādāb al-falāsifa (ĀF) is clearly a composite work consisting of several distinct texts, of Greek, Persian, and early Islamic origin, the most conspicuous among them Ādāb al-faylasūf Mahādharjīs al-muʿallim. The framework story of 'Aristotle's Wisdom' does not properly fit Overwien's proposal of a preconceived methodical structure of the ĀF, though it could be taken as an example for illustrating the educational procedure in the houses of wisdom. The first four in praise of God and Wisdom are introductory comments by Aristotle himself, and the rest what he had purportedly learned secretly from Plato's lectures. The works of the anthologists and the further documentation of the variants and parallels of the sayings offered in this chapter present a good testimony to the tremendous popularity of these dicta in the annals of classical Arabic literature.

Keywords: Ādāb al-falāsifa; Aristotle's wisdom; classical Arabic literature; Plato's lectures



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