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‘I Was a Hidden Treasure’. Some Notes On a Commentary Ascribed to Mullā Ṣadrā Shīrāzī: Sharḥ Ḥadīth: ‘Kuntu Kanzan Makhfiyyan . . .’

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Chapter Summary

Ṣadr al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm Shīrāzī (d.1640), better known as 'Ṣadr al-Mutaʾallihm' or 'Mullā Ṣadrā', is generally considered one of the most popular and influential thinkers of Shiite Islam. The first paragraph of the Sharḥ ḥadīth al-kanz al-makhfī repeats or rather summarizes the problem raised by the addressee. The question essentially deals with the well-known philosophical problem of the pre-existence of creation. The reply begins with the author's statement that he received what is to follow through direct inspiration from God. The author begins the actual commentary by stating that there are different possible solutions to the problem. Out of the four replies, the first and the third deal with the outward form of the text and explain the semantics of certain keywords. However, the second and fourth replies draw on concepts which lie outside the text of the ḥadīth itself and are of a mystical and philosophical nature.

Keywords: God; Mullā Ṣadrā; philosophical nature; Sharḥ ḥadīth al-kanz al-makhfī; Shiite Islam



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