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Some Notes On The Notion Of Naskh In The Kalām

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the literature of kalām and uṣūl al-fiqh (the foundations of Islamic jurisprudence), the explanation of naskh has been repeatedly taken up mainly in the light of Jewish arguments. The chapter presents an examination and analysis of Muʿtazilite ʿAbd al-Jabbār's basic principles of the theory of naskh. The views of certain Ashʿarites is also put forward in order to attain a better understanding of Islamic theological views on naskh. Naskh, according to ʿAbd al-Jabbār, applies to acts of devotion imposed by the religious law alone. Every act of this kind was promulgated by God on account of its benefit to human beings. ʿAbd al-Jabbār's refutation of the Jews is mainly based on his theory of benefit. The chapter shows that out of five eminent Ashʿarites theologians, three (al-Bāqillānī, al-Ghazālī and al-Āmidī) were partly influenced by Muʿtazilite notions.

Keywords: Ashʿarites theologians; Islamic jurisprudence; Jewish arguments; kalām; Muʿtazilite ʿAbd al-Jabbār; naskh



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