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Ibn Sabʿīn and Raimundus Iullus—the Question of the Arabic Sources of Iullus’ Logic Revisited

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Chapter Summary

The question of the impact of Arabic or Islamic philosophy and culture on the opus of Raimundus Lullus has puzzled researchers for many years. A variety of possible connections have been suggested and discussed, at times quite controversially. This chapter examines one of these suggestions, presented for the first time by Charles Lohr in 1976 at the second congress of Raimundus Lullus studies in Mallorca. It provides a short presentation of Ibn Sabʿīn and his context, and summarises and reviews Lohr's suggestion and the additional arguments presented by Urvoy. The chapter offers a detailed comparison of the relevant passages in Lullus' logical works and the parallels in Ibn Sabʿīn's Budd al-ʿārif, and discusses how far these parallels might be due to common sources, namely al-Ghazālī’s Maqāṣid al-falāsifa and the Rasāʾil of the Ikhwān al-ṣafāʾ.

Keywords: Arabic sources; Charles Lohr; Ibn Sabʿīn's Budd al-ʿārif; Ikhwān al-ṣafāʾ; Islamic philosophy; Maqāṣid al-falāsifa; Raimundus Lullus



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