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Bi- Some Morphological Functions Of Arabic Bi-: On The Uses Of Galex, II

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Chapter Summary

Arguably one of the most talented, if not the most talented, Classical Arabic preposition in this regard is bi-. The great Sibawayh laconically, but very appositely, simply said that bihad essentially one function, to express adherence and combination, from which all others derive. Medieval grammarians are deserving of our eternal gratitude for expanding upon Sibawayh's terse statement and analyzing in detail its various uses. Other, and similar, morphological functions of bi- become apparent when the uses to which it is put in translating Greek are examined. It would improve the analysis and help the understanding of this difficult but crucial preposition if in the future its morphological functions were listed and discussed. As a whole, Sibawayhi is perhaps right in saying that the fundamental function of bi- is to express adherence (ilzaq); but a distinction must be made between semantic adherence and morphological adherence.

Keywords: Arabic preposition; bi-; Greek; ilzaq; morphological functions; Sibawayh



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