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Iblīs Iblīs and the Jinn in al-Futūhāt al-Makkiyya

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Chapter Summary

Although Iblis or al-shayṭān, "the Satan", is one of the jinn, not a fallen angel like Lucifer, the distinction between angel and jinn is not especially clear. Iblis might be called an evil spirit, but the believing jinn are not evil, nor are they angels. The Qurʾān divides the cosmos into two realms, unseen and visible, or heaven and earth, and these are frequently glossed as the world of spirits and the world of bodies. Ibn al-ʿArabī devotes the ninth chapter of the Futūḥāt to the "true knowledge of the existence of the flaming, fiery spirits". In short, Ibn al-ʿArabī's cosmology attempts to clarify not only the structure of the cosmos, but also its relationship with al-wujūd al-ḥaqq and the human self.

Keywords: Al- Futūḥāt; Iblīs; Ibn al-ʿArabī; Qurʾān



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