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Taḍmīn The Notion of "Implication" According to al-Rummānī

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Chapter Summary

ʿAlī b. ʿῙsā al-Rummānī (d. 384/994) was a Muʿtazilī grammarian whose major extant work is al-Nukat fī iʿjāz al-Qurʾān, a treatise on Qurʾānic stylistics and an early elaboration of the doctrine of the Muslim scripture’s “inimitability” (or “incapacitation”). Al-Nukat was significant for several reasons, one being the formulation of metaphor involving a transfer between a basic, original meaning and a new usage of a word based on a similarity. Some modern discussions of taḍmīn have considered the theory proposed by al-Rummānī, and in doing do have had to rely on al-Nukat. His Qurʾān commentary (tafsīr), which goes by several titles (including al-Jāmiʿ), has been neglected. This chapter examines manuscript (MS) fragment of that commentary. The first part is a general discussion of the MS; the second is an exploration of what it may tell us about al-Rummānī’s concept of taḍmīn.

Keywords: ʿAlī b. ʿῙsā al-Rummānī; al-Nukat fī iʿjāz al-Qurʾān; Muʿtazilī grammarian; Muslim scripture; Qurʾān commentary; Qurʾānic stylistics; Taḍmīn



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