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Some Records On Price Controls In Istanbul At The Beginning Of The 19th Century

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Chapter Summary

According to the Ottoman principle the state played an indirect rather than a direct role in the economy. It was the "private sector" which brought in the bulk of the goods. Th e government interfered when it anticipated the danger of shortages requiring a number of pre-emptive measures. During the Ottoman period the implementation of narh lasted until the middle of nineteenth century and, except in the case of bread, this system was completely abolished in 1865. The exception of bread shows that the degree of control varied from one item to another, depending on the potential threat of its shortage. Provisions reaching Istanbul from Bursa and its surroundings had been transported to Istanbul respectively through Bandirma, Mudanya and Karamürsel. The continuing war prevented the transportation of wheat from the Black Sea to Istanbul; a shortage of provisions broke out in the imperial centre.

Keywords: Istanbul; narh; Ottoman principle

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