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Glances At The Greek Orthodox Priests In The Seventeenth Century

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Chapter Summary

The history of the Greek Orthodox ecclesiastical administration lacks seamless continuity because its course has been frequently interrupted by events resulting from the enmity between the Roman Catholic and the Greek Orthodox churches. The town of Serres, conquered by the Ottomans in 1383, saw its ecclesiastical administration restored within less than ten years and from that time onwards it remained under the continued guidance of its metropolitans who ordained the priest. The Ottomans took an additional measure, which aimed at winning the favour of the Greek Orthodox priests and monks of Crete by exempting them from the poll tax (cizye) for at least thirty years. During the Byzantine period the state provided a regular revenue for the clergy, including the lower clergy, but under Latin or Ottoman domination the clergymen's income derived directly from taxes paid by their faithful flock.

Keywords: Byzantine period; Greek Orthodox priests; monks of Crete; poll tax; Roman Catholic churches



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