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Radicalism In The Cultural Movement Of The Twentieth Century

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Chapter Summary

The cultural point of view and values envisaged and propounded by the Great Cultural Revolution besides coming from partial understanding of the original works of Marx, clearly were in continuity with the viewpoints and values of the New Culture Movement of May Fourth. In the process from May Fourth to the Cultural Revolution and the Culture Fever, cultural radicalism has played a key role. Twentieth century Chinese intellectuals do indeed face a difficulty: on the one hand, the realisation of democracy is a gradual process, that cannot exceed the development of its economic foundations; on the other, it is impossible to wholly prevent criticism of culture becoming enmeshed in other kinds of criticism. In the recent cultural movement, one evident phenomenon is that some intellectuals end up seeing scholarship and cultural work as a tool, relying on scholarship or culture to attain political objectives, taking cultural criticism as political criticism.

Keywords: Chinese intellectuals; cultural movement; cultural radicalism; Great Cultural Revolution; May Fourth era; political criticism; twentieth century Chinese intellectuals



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