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A Sense Of Predicament And Inter-Dependency

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Chapter Summary

The author used the term 'Neo-Confucianism' to refer to the spiritual tradition of Confucian studies that occupied a leading position in the Song, Ming and Qing dynasties, or what is generally called the School of Principle. According to Weber's theory, Confucian ethics lacks a tension between ethical demands and human shortcoming. New Confucianism, however, holds that through moral experience one can attain to a kind of self- affirmation. In Metzger's view the spiritual tendency of Chinese tradition may be reduced to a "spiritual matter of interdependence". The meaning of a philosophy of interdependence is clearly that of interdependent existence and roles. The sense of predicament and interdependence have both left the model of 'frustration-dependence', because even if it is possible to assign traditional Chinese political culture to some kind of interdependence, nonetheless this does not necessarily imply it is rooted in the frustration born of a sense of predicament.

Keywords: Chinese tradition; Metzger; Neo-Confucianism; Weber's theory



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