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Liang Shuming And Max Weber On Chinese Culture

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Chapter Summary

Liang Shuming thought that the structure of ancient Chinese society had two features. The main question that Liang Shuming wants to solve in his analysis of Chinese cultural history is that of the cultural and structural causes as to why Chinese history stagnated and did not advance and why it was not able to produce capitalism. An ethics-based society is unable to provide the 'mentality' and 'organisation' that is conducive to the conditions required by capitalism. From the point of view of ethics, good is progressive and conform to reason but from a historical point of view, evil is necessary and conform to reason. Weber saw the system of public service as the main way in which the Chinese state administered its finances. This chapter shows that The Essentials of Chinese Culture and Chinese Religions: Confucianism and Taoism are very close.

Keywords: Chinese Culture; Liang Shuming; Weber



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