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Transmitting Divine Mysteries The Prophetic Role Of Wisdom Teachers In The Dead Sea Scrolls

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Chapter Summary

The purpose of this chapter is to overcome the difficulties in identification of the prophetic roles in the Dead Sea Scrolls by examining the prophetic vocabulary and functions from two points of view: the function of prophecy as transmission of divine knowledge and the intellectualization of the idea of prophecy in Second Temple Judaism. The chapter treats the texts is a synchronic one, which makes it liable to harmonizations and anachronisms; these are avoided. It may be recognized that the divinatory function of prophecy was well taken care of in communities that produced the Dead Sea Scrolls. The ancient prophetic figures had an authoritative status as followers of Moses, the first prophet. But the revelation, based in part in their writings, was now received by the privileged teachers - such as the Teacher of Righteousness - who like the prophets were inspired by the divine spirit.

Keywords: Dead Sea Scrolls; divine mysteries; Qumran; Second Temple Judaism.; wisdom teachers



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