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The Bible Among Scriptures

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Chapter Summary

This chapter highlights some distinctive features of the Christian Bible as compared to the scriptures of other present-day religions, in particular to the Qur'an. The early Christians had the Septuagint as their scripture. With regard to the relationship of Christians to the Bible, three different periods may be distinguished: (1) early Christianity, comprising the first two centuries; (2) classical Christianity from the 3rd to the 18th century; and (3) modern Christianity from the Enlightenment on. Oral and written traditions differ substantially. Oral tradition is flexible and open to change; if some part of it is not in use, it will sooner or later be forgotten. The vision of the Bible or of the Torah in the more liberal branches of modern Christianity and Judaism contains a rare self-critical element which could be of help in a threatening global situation.

Keywords: Christian Bible; Enlightenment; Islam; Judaism; modern Christianity; Qur'an; scriptures; Torah



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