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The Immaculate Virgin: Matchless Maiden

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Chapter Summary

This chapter charts how, through a combination of allegorical and tropological readings, the Song of Songs formed a portrait of the relationship between God and Mary. It examines how fifteenth-century poets used it, exploring their direct references, synonyms, and allusions to it. The chapter shows how it was used as a means of castigating opponents of the doctrine. Even though poets did not often call Mary immaculate, they did allude to Song of Songs 4.7, using its vernacular equivalents ?sin manzilla' or ?sin màcula'. Commenting upon the metaphoric uses of macella, which are most relevant for the purpose of this chapter, Malkiel notes that they were common in the pagan period. Valencian poets may also have responded to the theological, liturgical, and biblical texts about gold because the city was a centre of goldsmithing in the fifteenth century.

Keywords: biblical texts; Immaculate virgin; Mary; pagan period; Valencian poets



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