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The New Eve

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows how theologians continued to reflect on the Eve-Mary parallel which had been a traditional way of comparing Mary's actions with those of Eve and of determining a role for Mary in the construction of salvation history. It examines how the Eve-Mary parallel was used both in liturgy and in poetry. In liturgy it can mark out the difference in actions of the two women in relationship to the dragon as in Castilian breviaries. There the Eve-Mary parallel is in combination with the frequent Conception signifier, the battle between the serpent and the Woman. In some liturgies, there is a focus on Mary's opening of heaven and Eve's closing of it, a concept that was traditional in some Marian hymns, such as O Gloriosa domina. The difficulty in determining whether the Eve-Mary parallel is immaculist in intent is compounded by its ubiquity.

Keywords: Castilian breviaries; immaculist writings; Mary



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