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The Japanese Religio-Cultural Context

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Chapter Summary

This chapter introduces three factors that provide essential background information for the author investigation into Endo Shusaku's theology of inculturation. First, the author gives a historical sketch of Japanese religion. Secondly, the author looks at different types of Shinto and clarifies aspects of koshinto that inform contemporary Japanese culture. This is important as koshinto with its modern, psychological, and spiritual meanings is the type of Shinto that the author observes in Endo's attempts at inculturation. In connection with this the chapter also introduces the Japanese concept of the ?divine', and its role in the history of Shinto-Buddhist-Christian relationships. The chapter examines the concept of womanhood in the Japanese religio-cultural tradition and how women have revitalized self-expression in recent times is related to the religious heritage. It re-establishes Endo's image of the maternal Christ, giving it a positive interpretation.

Keywords: Christian; Endo Shusaku's theology; inculturation; Japanese culture; Koshinto; religious heritage; womanhood



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