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Chapter Summary

This conclusory chapter of the book presents the results of the author research and discusses the findings. It considers Endo Shusaku's changing modes of inculturating Christianity in light of Bevans' and Takeda's typologies. The chapter explores the prominent role of koshinto in his understanding of the inculturation process. This leads on to a final discussion of the type of nationalism in his thought. As to the character of Endo's strategies, the author employed theoretical frameworks introduced by the American missiologist, Stephen B. Bevans, and the Japanese Church historian, Takeda Kiyoko. However, the debate among Japanese intellectuals on the role of koshinto also seems relevant to Endo's struggle with inculturation. The chapter looks more closely at his methods of inculturation. Endo's mode of inculturation expands from the local to the global. It is true that at times his inculturation has taken on nationalist features.

Keywords: Endo Shusaku; inculturation; Japanese Church historian; koshinto; Stephen B. Bevans; Takeda Kiyoko



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