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Chapter Summary

This appendix section presents Shusaku Endo and his literary works. It provides a brief biography of Endo and information on his works in English for non-Japanese readers. Endo's articles are set in quotation marks, books are italicised. Endo Shusaku writes about his inner religious conflict, struggling to find his identity as a Japanese Christian. In particular, the Confronting and Grafting types in Takeda's paradigm are taken up, elaborated, and deepened in his literature. Furthermore, Endo engages with Takeda's category of apostasy. He investigates the lives of apostates, to see if they contain important factors of Christian inculturation in Japan. The fact that some apostates suffer an inner struggle and eventually regain their faith in Christianity after many psychological confl icts provides valuable insights.

Keywords: Christianity; Japan; Shusaku Endo; Takeda



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