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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter of the book prefers the term ?inculturation' for two reasons. First, the term focuses on culture. This is particularly relevant to Endo Shusaku's work, where he analyzed the cultural features in which the gospel took form. Second, while ?accommodation', ?adaptation', and ?indigenization' emphasize the perspective of those who are the ?givers' in the process, ?inculturation' highlights the perspective of the ?receiver'. The chapter believes that the term inculturation, although narrower than contexualization, carries a wider meaning and dimension to it than ?adaptation', ?accommodation', or ?indigenization'. Inculturation implies reinterpretation, and it presupposes active participation by persons within the culture itself. In this sense, the chapter interprets Endo's life and his literary works as presenting a significant model of Christian inculturation in Japan. The chapter presents an overview of how the other chapters of the book are organised.

Keywords: Christian; Endo Shusaku; inculturation; Japan



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