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The LXX Translation Of Esther A Paraphrastic Translation Of MT Or A Free Translation Of A Rewritten Version?

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Chapter Summary

It can be said that the Septuagint version of Esther (Esth-LXX) has been the stepchild of LXX research over the past half century. This chapter suggests that Esth-LXX is a free translation of its source text, as is shown by an analysis of its translation technique, and that it sometimes paraphrases its Hebrew source. It attempts to establish that Esth-LXX reflects some Hebrew variants in small details, and that Expansions A, C, D, and F were translated from a Hebrew source. This assumption is accompanied by the suggestion of unity of the Greek translation of the canonical text and the expansions. The chapter also argues that Esth-LXX reflects a rewritten version of a composition similar to MT. It describes the characteristic features of the Hebrew source of the LXX. The chapter turns to a comparison of Esth-LXX with other rewritten compositions from Qumran and elsewhere, and lastly to canonical issues.

Keywords: canonical text; Esther LXX; Greek translation; Hebrew source; Qumran



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