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The Opponents In The Johannine Epistles Fact Or Fiction?

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses about the conflict between the author of the Johannine Epistles and his opponents. This conflict concerns the right interpretation of a tradition common to both parties, so innovation is at stake here. One of the problems that any New Testament exegete encounters, is the problem of reconstructing opponents. The chapter gives a brief critical presentation of the views on 1 John of D. Neufeld and H. Schmid. It develops the author's own thoughts on the problem of the opponents in 1 (and 2) John in confrontation with those of Neufeld and Schmid. The chapter concludes that the picture of the opponents as it arises from 1 and 2 John is coherent and can be anchored in what we know from other sources. There is no need to consider the opponents as a creation of the author in the service of the Johannine meaning system.

Keywords: D. Neufeld; H. Schmid; Johannine Epistles; Johannine meaning system; New Testament



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