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The Evil Inclination In The Dead Sea Scrolls, With A Re-Edition Of 4q468i (4qsectarian Text?)

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Chapter Summary

Most studies on the evil inclination in the Dead Sea Scrolls stem from before the publication of the Cave 4 fragments, this chapter presents a brief overview of the references in the scrolls, and evaluates the Dead Sea Scrolls' innovations relating to the evil inclination. It presents a new reading of a Qumran Cave 4 prayer fragment that mentions the 'evil inclination of our heart'. In the Barkhi Nafshi text the clothing and apparel has been replaced by virtues and vices, whereas God's rebuke of the Satan in Zechariah corresponds to the rebuke of the evil inclination. A hitherto unnoticed and unrecorded mention of an evil inclination is found in the small fragment 4Q468i, which was published as '4QSectarian Text?'.

Keywords: 4Qsectarian Text?; Barkhi Nafshi text; Dead Sea Scrolls; evil inclination; Qumran Cave 4



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