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Time Is Deterministic

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Chapter Summary

This chapter considers the deterministic nature of narrative and then explores the degrees and evidences of determinism in the Fourth Gospel. From that point of departure, it argues that the Fourth Gospel possesses a high level of narrative determinism based on the probabilities of three non-absolute temporal movements: diegetic levels, anachronies, and intratextual diachronics. Further, because most narratives with a long reception history tend toward a high degree of coherence, it is helpful to contrast the relatively deterministic Fourth Gospel with texts that have a high degree of indeterminism. In the end, these temporal movements embody the root causality and coherence underlying a non-absolute and deterministic Fourth Gospel. One of the numerous repeating anachronies that determines the coherence of the Fourth Gospel is John 4:46a: "Again, he came therefore to Cana of Galilee, where he made the water into wine".

Keywords:anachronies; diegetic levels; Fourth Gospel; intratextual diachronic; John; narrative determinism; temporal movements



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