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The Nagaoka Palace Enclosure

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Chapter Summary

In the Nagaoka capital, the palace enclosure was located on the highest part of Muko hill. Over the past fifty years, this densely populated area within easy reach of Kyoto and Osaka has been excavated many times. Although most of these excavations were small-scale, many details on the palace?s layout have come to light. These details do not merely inform us about the layout of the Nagaoka palace enclosure; they also contribute to a better understanding of the earliest phase of the Heian palace, of which very little archaeological evidence is available. The main entrance to the palace enclosure was the Ōtomo Gate (Ōtomo-mon), in Heian known as Suzaku Gate, the great central gate on the south side opening upon Scarlet Phoenix Avenue. Various administrative structures occupied the larger part of the palace enclosure. The most important structure was the state halls compound, located due north of Scarlet Phoenix Avenue.

Keywords: Heian palace; Nagaoka capital; Nagaoka palace enclosure; Scarlet Phoenix Avenue; state halls compound



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