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Chapter Summary

In addition to the demands of the Jewish autonomous administration, four other administrative structures exercised some power over Polish Jews: Polish civil authorities, the military, parochial and diocesan institutions, and the magnates. The state's direct influence was applied through the commissioner of the treasury, who had the authority to dismiss the Council of Four Lands and appoint another in its stead. Polish political institutions and other centers of power indirectly shaped Jewish autonomous institutions through conscious and subconscious influences. The Jewish autonomous structure of eighteenth-century Crown Poland displayed some unique characteristics. The first of these was its rotation principle. This chapter emphasizes the most important points that the corpus of the poll tax lists reveals. First, the full geographical and hierarchical composition of the Jewish autonomous administration is now clear. Second, the evidence of the poll tax lists has suggested a novel economic metric, that of the "poll tax potential"..

Keywords: Council of Four Lands; Jewish autonomous administration; Polish Jews; poll tax



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