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The Karaites In Austrian Galicia, Their History And Culture: The Community As Seen From Within

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Chapter Summary

There were two main centres of the Karaite community in Galicia from 1772 to 1918: Halicz and Kukizów. The community of Kukizów ceased to exist a short while after 1831 and all of its members moved either to Luck or to Halicz and Zalukiew. Thus, after 1831 the Karaite community of Halicz became the main and, practically, the only centre of the community. This chapter summarizes the numerical strength of the community from 1772 to 1918 and discusses the reasons for the lack of demographic growth of the community in the Austrian period of its history. Marriages between relatives undoubtedly contributed to the demographic decline of the community. The chapter focuses on the ?internal" communal activity of the ḥazzanim. The ḥazzanim of Halicz were largely represented by scions of two clans-that of Joseph ha-Mashbir and that of Abraham Leonowicz.

Keywords: ḥazzanim; Austrian Galicia; Halicz; Karaite community; Kukizów



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