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Aristotle And The Early Commentators

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Chapter Summary

It is widely agreed on that the key text to interpreting Plotinus' notion of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν, Ennead VI.8, starts off from a criticism of the notion as understood by Aristotle in the first chapters of Ethica Nicomachea (EN) III. This chapter analyses the development of the notion of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν within the Aristotelian tradition before Plotinus. First of all, it gives an account of the notion of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν in Aristotle. The focus lies on the EN and Eudemian Ethics (EE). The chapter then investigates later developments of the notion in the three earliest relevant Aristotelian 'commentaries' on the EN. Thus, it discusses Aspasius' In Ethica Nicomachea commentaria. The chapter then continues with the Anonymous' In Ethica Nicomachea II-V commentaria. Finally, the chapter analyses the development of the notion in Alexander of Aphrodisias' De fato. It ends with a general conclusion regarding the Aristotelian notion(s) of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν.

Keywords:ἐφ’ ἡμĩν; Alexander of Aphrodisias; Aristotle; Aspasius; Ethica Nicomachea (EN); Eudemian Ethics (EE); Plotinus



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