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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes various Stoic notions of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν in order to identify the specific traits as well as the development of the Stoic notion of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν. It begins by discussing the notion of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν in the Early Stoic Chrysippus (c. 280-207 BC). Then the chapter moves on to the Roman Stoics. It analyses the notion, i.e. in Latin in nostra potestate, in Seneca. The chapter then continues with the notion of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν in Musonius Rufus (AD c. 30-c. 95), in his pupil Epictetus (AD c. 55-c. 135), and in Marcus Aurelius (emperor 161-180). At the end, the chapter draws some general conclusions as to the specific traits, i.e. the similarities and differences in the Stoic notions of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν, and also says something on the development within the Stoa, as to the conception of what philosophical issue the notion of ἐφ’ ἡμĩν involved.

Keywords:ἐφ’ ἡμĩν; Early Stoic Chrysippus; Epictetus; Marcus Aurelius; Musonius Rufus; Roman Stoics; Seneca



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