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Breaking The Chains Of Reason

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Chapter Summary

This chapter depicts an academic scene in which the breakdown of the admittedly inadequate norms of a classical education had left the academic world without any inner strength to resist the moulding pressures of industry and the state. It is scarcely surprising that the human sciences reflect and reinforce the prevailing apathy and conformism of the intellectuals. The chapter first points to the fact of this conformity. It then contrasts it with the intellectual and moral hope offered by the intellectuals of the Enlightenment and by Hegel and Marx. Next, it argues that the traditional educational norms of our culture now offered no source of strength to withstand the prevailing mood. Finally, the chapter talks about two images: J.M. Keynes and Leon Trotsky. Both were obviously men of attractive personality and great natural gifts.

Keywords:academic world; classical education; Hegel; human sciences; intellectuals; J.M. Keynes; Leon Trotsky; Marx; traditional educational norms



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