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Border Communities Between Violence And Opportunities: Scotland And Pomerania Compared

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Chapter Summary

The areas in the northern Europe that offered in the twelfth century new possibilities for expansion for the Cistercian order were subject to violence and instability, which in fact, increased from the mid-thirteenth century onwards. Two of these areas are discussed in this chapter: the English-Scottish border and Pomerania - which was a frontier of German, Danish and Polish influences - to show the mechanism of dealing with violence related to wars and attacks by neighbours. A number of Cistercian houses were founded there in both regions. On the whole, the majority of Cistercian foundations in Scotland and Pomerania were royal and ducal, and in a minority of cases they were established by noblemen with very high ambitions. The cases discussed here had all their mother houses from which the initial contingent of monks had come on the other side of a border in ethically and culturally different regions.

Keywords: Cistercian foundations; Danish monks; English-Scottish border; Pomerania; Scotland



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