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Kraków Citizenship And The Local Scots, 1509–1655

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Chapter Summary

The socioeconomic roles Scottish immigrants played in early modern Poland-Lithuania undoubtedly need further scholarly attention. As no registration of emigrants exists, and relevant information is sparse, Polish urban records are the only sources enabling systematic tracing of the immigration process. This chapter provides an introduction to this subject by examining those Scots who were granted Krakow citizenship from 1509 through to 1655. After 1634, three series of admission records were adopted that listed newcomers according to "three orders" that is as merchants, masters of the most profitable crafts, and masters of inferior crafts together with stallholders. In the 1620s, twenty-one Scots became Krak?w citizens. The group of immigrants with certificates issued about two years before their applications included Robert Cramer, an Aberdonian, who paid only 10 forins, and George Guthry from Elgin, who was charged 60 florins.

Keywords: Kraków citizenship; local Scots; Poland-Lithuania; Scottish immigrants



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