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Cherif Bassiouni And The 780 Commission: The Gateway To The Era Of Accountability

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Chapter Summary

The negotiations between the members of Security Council leading to the adoption of Resolution 780 were particularly acrimonious. First, they insisted that the resolution expressly refer to the new body as a ?Commission,? rather than a ?Committee? as the United Kingdom, France, and Russia desired. Its second goal was that the Commission be given authority to undertake its own investigations. Using the platform of the 780 Commission, through a series of high-level meetings, Professor Cherif Bassiouni and others were able to convince the state- and international organization-actors that make up the international community that international accountability would achieve five key objectives: establishing individual responsibility, discrediting institutions and leaders responsible for the commission of atrocities, establishing an accurate historical record, providing victim catharsis, and promoting deterrence. This chapter tells the story behind the 780 Commission, and its role in establishing the modern era of accountability.

Keywords: 780 Commission; atrocities; Cherif Bassiouni; era of accountability; individual responsibility; international organization; Security Council; victim catharsis



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