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Church And State In Lutheran Lands, 1550–1675

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Chapter Summary

Any understanding of the relationship of church and state must take into account very basic problems of terminology. The relation of the Lutheran-particular-churches toward the civil magistrates, mainly princes and the magistrates of the free imperial cities, was determined by simultaneous and contradictory influences from specific circumstances, theological developments, imperial politics, the specifics of the distribution of Patronatsrechte, and the politics in each principality or town. The compromise negotiated between King Ferdinand and the new Saxon elector Moritz-that Charles did not accept and that thus did not become the actual treaty of Passau-remains an important document, an important tool on which to base later interpretations of the nature of the relation of church and state. The Religious Peace of Augsburg specified that Protestants could keep the possessions of Catholic estates confiscated before 1552.

Keywords:Augsburg confession; civil magistrates; Lutheran churches; Lutheran state; treaty of Passau



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