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Apologetic Strains In Brucker’s Historiography Of Philosophy

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines Johann Jacob Brucker?s conception of the relationship between philosophy and Revelation, pointing out his Christianized conception of philosophy, which is indebted to Philipp Melanchton, a Protestant reformer, and Christoph August Heumann, a German historian and theologian active within the Evangelical-Lutheran Church. It describes the Brucker?s scheme of periodization derives from Heumann. The chapter connects Brucker?s use of the concept ?system of philosophy? to the Calvinist Bartholomew Keckermann and his pedagogical and methodological reform in Northern European Protestant universities. It contextualizes Brucker within the tradition of eclecticism, represented by Christian Thomasius and Brucker?s teacher, Johann Franz Budde. Christian philosophers active before the Reformation were first interested in Plato, Heumann explains, but later turned to Aristotle, who subsequently became the ?king of all minds?. Aristotle was not only the ?king? of Christian philosophers, but also of Muslim and Jewish philosophers.

Keywords: Aristotle; Bartholomew Keckermann; Christian philosophers; Christian Thomasius; Christoph August Heumann; eclecticism; Johann Jacob Brucker; Philipp Melanchton; Plato



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