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Clare And The Poor Sisters Of San Damiano

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the development of competing models of female Franciscan life. Clare always insisted that Francis of Assisi was the founder of the sisters' way of life, a strategy that gave powerful religious authority to her understanding of female Franciscan life. Clare was accompanied by her neighbor, Pacifi ca de Guelfuccio, who later joined the community at San Damiano and was the first witness at Clare's canonization inquest. San Damiano functioned as a mixed community, in which the brothers and sisters mutually supported each other in their religious vocations. Around 1218 Cardinal Hugolino dei Segni first came into contact with the women's penitential movement while serving as papal legate in Tuscany and Lombardy. The Roman Church and Cardinal Hugolino often tried to persuade Clare to accept income for her convent according to several of the sisters who had lived with her at San Damiano.

Keywords: Assisi; Cardinal Hugolino dei Segni; Clare; female Franciscan life; Roman Church; San Damiano



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