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Beyond Clare: A Franciscan Centered Order

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Chapter Summary

The idea that the Franciscan Second Order had formed around Clare of Assisi was well established by the middle of the fourteenth century. For Clare of Assisi, one of the most important elements of the sisters' life at San Damiano was the presence of the friars who maintained a small community adjacent to their cloister. On the vigil of the Feast of Saint Clare one year during the early 1280s, Fra Bartholomeo da Gallicano went to the convent of Santa Chiara in Assisi to preach to the sisters. The community at Praenestina has obviously similarities to Filippa's hermitage, although the Roman domestic setting is more similar to the better known examples of women who lived as penitents in their family homes from Tuscany and Umbria. For many Franciscans, the neutralization of Clare was a success and her sainthood served as the glue that connected a variety of female Franciscan experiences.

Keywords: Clare of Assisi; Franciscan Second Order; Praenestina; San Damiano; Santa Chiara



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