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Biopollution And Ballast Water

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Chapter Summary

Shipping is drastically interfering which the natural ecological barriers of the marine environment through the transfer of aquatic organisms from one marine ecosystem to another, namely those contained in ships ballast water and associated sediments and hull fouling. Basic scientific concepts are key instruments to study international environmental law. This chapter presents a review of relatively new scientific aspects of marine environmental problems, namely, the transfer of nonindigenous species, in particular in regard to harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens, from one coast or sea to another and their role as biopollutants. Biopollution by non-native organisms from microbes to plants and animals has changed coastal ecosystems and semi-enclosed seas and bays at an increasing rate over the past 5060 years. The chapter reviews the evolution of the term pollution of the marine environment under the international legal framework on the issue.

Keywords: ballast water; biopollution; international environmental law; marine environment; shipping



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