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Chapter Summary

From a holistic perspective, this book provides a thorough study of the international legal regime in regard to biopollution of the marine environment through ships ballast water and associated sediments. The legal framework on ballast water comprises a complex of interconnected provisions addressed in the International Maritime Organization (IMO) resolutions on ballast water, technical rules and standards, national legislation, customary international law, and international treaties, in particular, the 2004 Ballast Water Management (BWM) Convention, which is not yet in force. The GloBallast Legislative Programme was the first attempt to review the national legal framework on ballast water of the pilot countries with the goal of ensuring effective implementation of government policy objectives. The BWM Convention, the first specific anti-biopollution treaty on ballast water, is the central pillar of the international framework with respect to the juridical control and management of ships ballast water and sediments.

Keywords: ballast water management (BWM) convention; biopollution; international legal regime; International Maritime Organization (IMO); marine environment



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