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Making Friends And Foes: Occupiers And Occupied In First World War Romania, 1916–1918

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Chapter Summary

The phenomenon of 'occupation' was thus an integral part of the war experience for numerous contemporaries. This chapter outlines how several Romanian opposition politicians tried to use their cooperation with the occupier to achieve their own political aims. It examines relations between the occupier and the occupied civilian population - relations which were largely determined by economic considerations. The chapter explores the rivalries that existed between the occupying powers. It focuses on the territory of the Military Administration. The relationship between the occupiers and local elites was primarily determined by the occupiers' plans for the future of the subjugated territories. The occupiers also sought to establish a cooperative relationship with the Romanian Ministries. They initially agreed to recognize the position of the Ministry representatives that the Romanian Government had left behind. Romania was of great importance particularly in economic terms to both Germany and Austria-Hungary.

Keywords: Austria-Hungary; civilian population; Germany; Military Administration; occupier; Romania; war experience



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